As a food enthusiast and a firm believer in the importance of halal dietary choices, I embarked on a fascinating journey to uncover the halal status of squirrel meat. In this comprehensive guide, I will delve into the intricacies of halal certification, the religious perspectives surrounding consuming exotic meats, and provide a definitive answer to whether squirrel meat can be enjoyed with confidence by those adhering to halal principles.

Analyzing the Islamic Stance on Eating Squirrel

Halal and haram are important concepts in Islam regarding what foods and actions are permissible under Islamic law. This article will examine the evidence regarding the permissibility of eating squirrel meat according to Islamic dietary restrictions.

What is Halal and Haram?

  • Halal refers to things that are permissible and lawful.
  • Haram refers to things that are prohibited and unlawful.

When it comes to food:

  • Halal foods are those that adherents of Islam are allowed to eat.
  • Haram foods are those that adherents of Islam cannot eat.

The criteria for what foods are halal and haram are based on directives found in the Quran and Hadith. General principles include:

  • Land animals must chew their cud and have cloven hooves to be halal (ruminants such as cows, sheep, goats).
  • Birds of prey, land animals without blood, and beasts with fangs are haram.
  • Aquatic animals are halal.
  • Alcohol and carnivorous animals are haram.
Halal Land Animals Haram Land Animals
Cows Pigs
Sheep Dogs
Goats Monkeys

“O mankind, eat from whatever is on earth [that is] lawful and good and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.” (Quran 2:168)

Dietary Restrictions in Islam

Islamic dietary laws categorize food and drink into halal and haram. This determines what Muslims can consume under Islamic law. These restrictions come from directives found in the Quran and Hadith.

The goal of these dietary guidelines is to:

  • Provide spiritual and physical benefit for Muslims
  • Allow for the remembrance of God while eating
  • Follow the prophet mohammad (pbuh) example of what to eat and avoid

Evidence that Squirrel is Halal (Permissible)

There are several arguments in favor of squirrel being halal and permissible to eat within an Islamic framework.

Squirrels are Not Listed as Haram

  • Squirrels are not explicitly prohibited in the Quran or Hadith.
  • The main prohibited categories are pigs, carnivorous animals, birds of prey, and animals without blood.
  • Squirrels do not fall into any of those prohibited categories.

Squirrels Have a Natural Diet

  • Squirrels subsist on nuts, fruits, fungi, and sometimes insects.
  • They do not eat carrion or other impure things.
  • Their natural diet fits within halal guidelines.

“Squirrels are amongst the rodents, but they differ from mice and rats. Squirrels mostly eat plant products, so their meat cannot be regarded as impure.”

Majority Opinion is Permissible

  • Most Islamic schools and scholars allow eating squirrel meat.
  • Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i, and Hanbali schools do not prohibit it.
  • Limited prohibition comes from minor interpretations and custom.

“The ruling concerning squirrels is that they are pure and it is permissible to eat them because there is no clear text or valid analogy to prohibit them.”

Evidence that Squirrel may be Haram

While there are numerous arguments in favor of the permissibility of eating squirrel, there are some counterclaims that suggest squirrel meat may be prohibited in Islam.

Squirrels Classified as Rodents

  • Some scholars categorize squirrels as a type of rodent.
  • Rodents like rats, mice, porcupines are generally prohibited in Islam.
  • By analogy, squirrels could be prohibited based on rodent classification.

“The Hanafis…caution against the consumption of squirrel meat unless necessary based on the classification of squirrels as rodents along with rats and mice.”

Not Specifically Blessed as Halal

  • Only certain animals are specifically blessed as halal in Quran and Hadith.
  • These include cattle, camels, rabbits, fish, locusts.
  • Squirrels are not among the specified blessed halal animals.

“The main principle regarding meat is that it is permissible, except for what the Quran or Hadith specifically prohibit, such as pigs or animals slaughtered improperly.”

Difficult to Drain Blood Fully

  • Complete draining of blood is required for meat to be halal.
  • Small size of squirrels makes draining blood challenging.
  • May make it impermissible for consumption in Islam.

“Squirrels must be slaughtered according to Islamic procedure and all the blood should be drained completely. If not, it is not halal to eat them.”

Conditions for Eating Squirrel Meat

If eating squirrel meat is permissible, there are some conditions and rules that must be followed according to Islamic law.

Proper Slaughtering

  • Squirrels cannot be eaten if they die naturally or are found already dead.
  • They must be slaughtered properly while mentioning God’s name.
  • This involves quickly cutting the throat, windpipe, and blood vessels.

“If a squirrel is caught alive and slaughtered according to the principles of Shariah, then it would be halal to consume.”

Complete Draining of Blood

  • All blood must be drained from the squirrel’s body before eating.
  • This can be difficult due to the squirrel’s small size.
  • Special care must be taken to follow this requirement.

“Blood is haram to consume, so it must be completely drained.”

Following Hunting Regulations

  • Must comply with applicable hunting seasons, permits, and regulations.
  • Cannot transgress or waste meat through reckless hunting.
  • Squirrel population conservation must be considered.

“Hunted animals must be killed with care and attention. Abiding by hunting regulations is part of proper Islamic practice.”

Keeping Squirrels as Pets

In addition to eating squirrel meat, some Muslims may wonder about the permissibility of keeping squirrels as pets.

Majority Opinion is Permissible

  • Most schools of Islamic law do not prohibit keeping squirrels as pets.
  • Must treat them well and meet all their care requirements.
  • Some discourage it if it will lead to neglect of religious obligations.

“There is nothing prohibiting a Muslim from keeping a squirrel as a pet as long as one fulfills the rights the animal has over the owner.”

Providing Proper Care

  • Islamic principles require treating animals well and meeting their needs.
  • Squirrels have specific dietary, housing, enclosure, and social needs.
  • Owners must provide for all aspects of their wellbeing.

“Treating animals humanely and with compassion is important in Islam. Pet owners must provide good care.”

Avoiding Harm or Neglect

  • Cannot abuse, neglect, or fail to properly care for squirrel pets.
  • Must ensure the pet does not negatively impact religious duties.
  • Should avoid emotional or financial harm caused by pet.

“One should not keep a pet that leads to the neglect of religious obligations or causes clear harm.”

Is Squirrel Halal – Frequently Asked Questions

According to Islamic teachings, the permissibility of consuming squirrel meat is a matter of scholarly opinion. While some scholars deem it halal, others consider it haram. It is essential to consult with a knowledgeable scholar to determine the ruling in your specific context.

What is the view of the majority of scholars on eating squirrel?

The majority of scholars hold the opinion that consuming squirrel meat is not permissible (haram) due to the category it belongs to. Squirrel is considered vermin or a pest, and the ruling for such animals is generally unfavorable.

Is there any specific ruling mentioned in the Qur’an or Hadith regarding squirrel?

No, there is no specific ruling mentioned in the Qur’an or authentic Hadith texts that address the permissibility or prohibition of eating squirrel meat. The ruling is derived from scholarly interpretation and opinion.

Can you please explain the reasoning behind the prohibition of eating squirrel?

The reasoning behind the prohibition is that squirrel belongs to the category of animals that are considered vermin, pests, or harmful to crops. These animals are generally not consumed as they are seen as unclean or undesirable for human consumption.

Are there any exceptions or circumstances where squirrel meat is considered halal?

In certain cases, some scholars may allow the consumption of squirrel meat if it is sourced from a controlled environment, slaughtered and prepared according to Islamic dietary laws, and there is a valid need or necessity for it.

Can we eat squirrel because it eats halal food?

No, the permissibility of an animal’s food does not necessarily make the animal itself halal or permissible to consume. The ruling depends on the classification of the animal and its permissibility according to Islamic guidelines.

Is squirrel meat considered halal according to the Hanafi school of thought?

The Hanafi school of thought generally prohibits the consumption of squirrel meat. However, individual opinions may vary, and it is best to seek guidance from a Hanafi scholar for a specific ruling.


In summary, there are reasonable arguments and evidence on both sides of the debate on whether squirrel meat is halal and permissible to eat in Islam.

Key Points

  • Squirrels are not explicitly prohibited in Quran/Hadith
  • Most scholars allow eating squirrel
  • But some analogize squirrels to prohibited rodents
  • Squirrels have a natural diet, but not blessed as halal
  • Proper slaughter and blood drainage required

“There are differences of opinion on the permissibility of eating squirrel meat, with valid evidence on both sides.”

Based on the evidence, squirrel meat seems to be permissible under Islamic law according to the majority of scholars and interpretations. However, observant Muslims should analyze both perspectives and exercise caution out of piety and obedience to Allah (SWT). When in doubt, it is best to avoid it.

“While permitted, eating squirrel meat is disliked by some scholars and it is pious to avoid it, staying well away from doubtful things.”