Have you ever wondered about the religious permissibility of indulging in squid and other similar seafood? In this article we will uncover the truth behind the consumption of squid and its counterparts, leaving no stone unturned for those seeking clarity it’s halal or haram status.

Unveiling the Truth About Squid

The halal status of squid is a topic of debate among Muslims. While most seafood is considered halal, or permissible to eat, some scholars prohibit consuming certain types of sea creatures. Squid falls into a gray area where opinions diverge.

To understand the debate around squid, it helps to first define what squid are:

  • Squid are a type of cephalopod mollusk, which are marine animals in the same class as octopus and cuttlefish.
  • There are over 300 species of squid, ranging tremendously in size. Some species only measure an inch long while the giant squid can grow over 40 feet in length.
  • Squid have elongated bodies, large eyes, eight arms, two tentacles, and a triangular shaped mantle. They propel themselves rapidly through the water by expelling water through their siphon.
  • Squid are aggressive predators that primarily eat fish, crabs and smaller squids. Their beaks are able to tear flesh and their suction cups have sharp rims to grasp prey.

The main considerations around the halal status of squid are:

  • Whether or not verses in the Quran prohibiting “dead animals of the sea” apply to squid
  • If their physical characteristics and feeding behavior make them haram
  • Differences between Muslim schools of thought on which sea creatures are permitted

This article will analyze the evidence on both sides of the debate on squid’s halal status.

Arguments that squid is halal

There are several lines of reasoning that support classifying squid as halal, or permissible to eat under Islamic law:

  • Majority opinion is that all seafood is halal

  • Squid is not classified as a scavenger in the ocean

    • “Squids aren’t scavengers. They are active hunters and survive only on live prey like fish, crabs and even smaller squids. Therefore, they do not fall under the category of scavengers.” 
  • Squid meat is different from land animal meat that is prohibited

    • “The meats of land animals and amphibians are different from fish and squids in many ways including: taste, texture, chemical composition etc. Hence, prohibition cannot be extended to squids just because of some apparent similarities.” 
  • The Quran and hadiths do not specifically prohibit eating squid

    • “There is no clear prohibition of eating squid in the Quran or any hadith. It is not directly named as haram.” 

So in summary, since there is no direct prohibition and squid possess characteristics of a halal sea creature, many scholars permit eating squid.

Arguments that squid is haram

However, there are also reasons why some scholars prohibit squid as haram or non-halal:

  • Some scholars argue that the verse prohibiting “dead animals of the sea” includes squid

    • “Eating squid is haram as per the Hadith that states: ‘Two types of dead meat and two types of blood have been made lawful for our consumption: locusts and fish liver.” 
  • Squid meat is similar in texture to octopus and cuttlefish which some scholars prohibit

    • “The meat of squid is rubbery and chewy, which is similar to octopus and cuttlefish meat. Since those two are often prohibited, squid falls into doubt.” 
  • Since squid is not mentioned by name, it falls into a gray area that is better to avoid

    • “There is ikhtilaaf (disagreement) among the schools of thought about the consumption of squid. The majority permit it but since there is disagreement, it should be avoided.” 
  • Squid are aggressive hunters with sharp beaks which raises doubts

    • “Squid capture prey with their tentacles and sharp beaks. They exhibit ruthless behavior which creates uncertainty about their halal status.” 

In summary, there are enough questionable characteristics about squid from an Islamic law perspective that some scholars advise avoiding consumption to stay clear of doubt.

Differing opinions by Muslim school of thought

The four major Sunni schools of thought have differing stances on the permissibility of eating squid:

  • Hanafi school prohibits squid but most others permit it

    • “The Hanafi school prohibits consumption of all sea creatures except fish that have scales. So squid would be haram according to them.”
  • Each school uses different hadiths and principles to derive ruling

    • “The Hanbali and Shafi’i schools base their rulings on a hadith stating ‘its water is purifying and its dead are permissible.’ The Maliki school emphasizes the characteristic of squid having blood.” 
School of Thought Ruling
Hanafi Prohibited
Maliki Permitted
Shafi’i Permitted
Hanbali Permitted
  • Some provide conditional permission based on how squid is caught/prepared

    • “The Maliki school allows squid if it dies outside water while the Shafi’i school prohibits if it dies naturally without ritual slaughter.” 

So permissibility varies across schools depending on the interpretation of textual evidence and principles used.


Modern considerations around squid consumption

In the modern context, there are some additional factors to consider regarding the permissibility of eating squid for Muslims:

  • Increased popularity of squid dishes globally

    • “From calamari to tempura squid, dishes made with this cephalopod are growing in popularity around the world.” 
  • Squid overfishing concerns and sustainability impacts

    • “Some squid species like the jumbo flying squid are being overfished. This raises environmental concerns.”
  • Need for clear guidelines on seafood for Muslim minority populations

    • “Muslim communities outside of traditionally Islamic countries need definitive guidelines on which seafood is permitted, especially for second-generation youth.” 
Consideration Description
Global popularity Squid dishes gaining popularity worldwide
Overfishing Some squid species concern due to overfishing
Minority guidelines Clearer guidelines needed for Muslim minorities

So modern factors around sustainability and providing guidance should be considered alongside traditional rulings on squid’s permissibility.

Is squid halal – Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, squid is considered halal. It is permissible to eat squid according to Islamic law.

According to the Hanafi school, is squid halal?

Yes, according to the Hanafi school of thought in Islam, squid is considered halal and can be consumed.

Is seafood halal?

Seafood, including squid, is generally considered halal. However, it is important to ensure that the seafood is prepared in a halal manner.

Is squid halal according to Islamic scholars?

Yes, Islamic scholars have deemed squid to be halal, making it permissible for Muslims to consume.

Can I eat squid and octopus?

Yes, both squid and octopus are halal and can be consumed by Muslims.

According to Islamic law, is squid considered halal?

Yes, according to Islamic law, squid is considered halal and can be included as part of halal food.

Is it haram to eat squid?

No, it is not haram to eat squid. Squid is permissible and falls under the category of halal seafood.

Is squid halal according to the Shafi, Maliki, and Hanbali schools of thought?

Yes, squid is considered halal according to the Shafi, Maliki, and Hanbali schools of thought in Islam.

What is the halal status of squid and seafood in general?

Squid, along with most seafood, is considered halal unless specifically prohibited by Islamic teachings. It is important to ensure that the seafood is sourced and prepared according to Islamic guidelines.


In summary, there are reasonable points on both sides of the debate about squid’s status in Islamic law.

  • On the side of permissibility, squid possess the characteristics of a halal sea creature. The Quran and hadiths contain no direct prohibition of squid consumption.

  • However, the counterarguments also raise valid doubts. The texture of squid is similar to that of clearly haram sea animals. Their aggressive predation raises questions.

  • The four Sunni schools derive contradictory rulings, though a majority permit eating squid. This disagreement itself provides basis for caution.

Ultimately, there is no consensus. Muslims should take a careful approach:

  • Perform personal research and use their judgment when deciding whether to eat squid.
  • Remember that intention and upright character matter more than specifics of law.
  • Avoid condemnation of those who disagree.

The ethics of sustainable fishing and guidance for minority Muslim populations should also inform our modern view of this issue. Open-mindedness and continuous learning are virtues.