As a Muslim consumer, I have often found myself questioning the halal status of certain foods, particularly when it comes to birds. In this article, I aim to shed light on the halal status of pigeon, debunking common myths and providing factual information to help fellow Muslims make informed dietary choices.

Why Scholars Disagree If It’s Halal

In Islam, foods and drinks are classified as either halal (permissible) or haram (impermissible) according to Islamic law.

  • Halal foods are those that are considered lawful and permitted under Islam.
  • Haram foods are prohibited due to being deemed unclean, unsafe, or prepared in ways disallowed by Islamic law.

“The literal meaning of Halal is permissible or lawful in Islam.”

Importance of determining if foods are halal

For devout Muslims, ensuring they only consume halal products is an important part of adhering to their faith. There are several reasons why determining if a food is halal is so essential:

  • Consuming haram foods is a major sin in Islam.
  • Halal dietary regulations apply to all foods, not just meat.
  • Foods interacts with key facets of Islamic life and worship.

“In Islam, halal foods and drinks are a vital part of a Muslim’s life. Their diets strictly adhere to what they can and cannot consume according to Quranic guidelines.”

Type Description Examples
Halal Permitted and lawful Fruits, vegetables, beef, poultry, fish
Haram Prohibited and unlawful Pork, alcohol, blood, carrion


Background on Pigeons

Pigeons, also known as rock doves or rock pigeons, are a type of bird in theColumbidae family of doves and pigeons. 

“It is a granivorous bird that lives in urban and rural areas worldwide.”

Some key facts about pigeons:

  • Granivorous birds that primarily eat seeds and grains
  • Average lifespan of 2-5 years in the wild
  • Found living freely in urban environments across the globe

Pigeons as a common bird worldwide and used for food

Throughout history, pigeons have been an accessible bird for humans to catch and eat domestically and in the wild.

“Pigeons have been eaten as a food source for thousands of years, with the Ancient Romans even keeping them as household pets.”

  • Populate cities as feral pigeons living off food waste
  • Raised domestically as a poultry item for meat and eggs
  • Hunted as a game bird in the wild for meat

History of eating pigeon throughout different cultures

Eating pigeon has been common practice across numerous cultures historically and to this day:

  • Ancient Romans: pigeon was agricultural livestock providing meat and eggs
  • Medieval Europe: pigeon pie was a banquet dish for feasts
  • France: current cuisine includes roasted squab (young pigeon)
  • Middle East: pigeons trapped from the wild were cooked in stews

“Pigeon has been eaten around the world for centuries and still remains a table delicacy.”

Islamic Perspective on Pigeon

For a bird to be halal in Islam, it must meet certain requirements according to Islamic dietary law:

  • Must not be a bird of prey or scavenger
  • Should only eat plant-based foods, not other animals
  • Slaughtered properly through dhabihah method

“For birds to be Halal, they should not be predatory or scavengers, and should slaughtered according to Islamic guidelines.”

Analysis of scholarly opinions on pigeon’s halal status

There are differing perspectives among Islamic scholars regarding pigeons being halal:

  • Some argue pigeons are halal because they meet criteria of being non-predatory birds that only eat plants and seeds.

  • Others claim pigeons may consume meat occasionally in the wild, meaning they do not strictly eat plants only.

“There is some disagreement among Islamic schools of thought as to whether pigeon is halal or haram.”

  • The Quran and hadiths do not directly prohibit or permit consumption of pigeon meat.

  • However, some interpret principles described in Islamic texts to infer pigeon’s halal status.

“Pigeons are not birds of prey, so there is nothing impermissible about eating their meat in Islam.”

Contemporary Views on Pigeon Meat Halal

Today, some Muslim scholars and halal certification organizations consider pigeon to be permissible for consumption:

  • Pigeons are primarily granivorous birds that eat seeds and plants.
  • They are not birds of prey nor scavengers like haram birds.
  • When raised domestically, pigeons eat an permissible plant-based diet.
  • No clear prohibition of pigeons found in the Quran or hadiths.

“Most modern Islamic scholars have deemed pigeon halal based on analysis of Islamic law and the nature of pigeons.”

Arguments that pigeon may not be halal

However, some contemporary Islamic authorities still argue pigeons may not be halal:

  • Pigeons sometimes consume insects, which could be considered meat.
  • Difficult to monitor diet of pigeons captured from the wild.
  • Better to avoid questionable foods rather than risk sinning.

“There are ongoing debates about whether pigeons’ diets make them halal or makruh to consume in Islam.”

How modern Islamic authorities and institutions view pigeon

  • Organizations like the Malaysian Department of Islamic Development classify pigeon as halal.

  • Prominent Islamic sects like Shafi’i and Hanafi say pigeon is halal.

However, as EhowUK notes:

“There is still disagreement within the Muslim world about whether pigeon meat is halal.”

Availability of Pigeon Meat as Halal Food

In parts of the world like the Middle East, pigeon may be served as a halal dish at restaurants:

  • Pigeon stew is found on menus in countries like Egypt and Morocco.
  • Some Indian restaurants offer pigeon curry or stir-fries.
  • Higher-end restaurants may serve roasted or pan-seared squab.

“Pigeon meat can be found cooked in halal Middle Eastern and Indian cuisines around the world.”

Pigeon sold as certified halal meat at grocers

Pigeon can also be purchased as halal certified meat from some butcher shops and markets:

  • Frozen pigeon is available from halal meat suppliers and distributors.
  • Customers can request fresh pigeon meat from halal butchers.
  • Packaged pigeon sold in halal sections of ethnic grocers.

“Pigeon is starting to become a more widely available halal meat option for consumers.”

Raising and slaughtering pigeon according to halal standards

To ensure the pigeon meat is halal, specialized farms raise and slaughter the birds under proper Islamic guidelines:

  • Pigeons raised on vegetable and seed diet without animal byproducts.
  • Ritual dhabihah slaughter performed by a Muslim.
  • Compliance with halal procedures monitored.

“When farmed and slaughtered correctly, pigeon can join the ranks of permissible halal poultry.”

Frequently Asked Questions – Is Pigeon Halal

Yes, according to Islamic dietary laws, pigeon meat is considered halal.

Is it permissible for Muslims to consume pigeon meat?

Yes, it is permissible for Muslims to consume pigeon meat as long as it is slaughtered properly and adheres to the boundaries of the halal.

Are there any proofs in Islamic law that suggest pigeon meat is haram?

No, there is no evidence to suggest that pigeon meat is haram according to Islamic law.

What is the ruling on eating pigeons in Islam?

The ruling is that eating pigeons is permissible and considered halal in Islam.

Is there any specific hadith or verse from the Quran that mentions the permissibility of pigeon meat?

While there may not be a specific hadith or verse that mentions the permissibility of pigeon meat, the general principle of halal food and drink in Islam covers the consumption of pigeon meat.

Can you provide more information on the boundaries of the halal?

The boundaries of the halal include avoiding the consumption of prohibited foods such as pork, alcohol, and animals that are not slaughtered according to Islamic guidelines.

Is pigeon meat considered halal or haram?

Pigeon meat is considered halal, not haram, for Muslims to consume.

Can you provide the name of Allah that should be recited during the slaughter of pigeons?

The name of Allah should be recited as “Bismillah” (In the name of Allah) during the slaughter of pigeons to make it halal.

Are there any specific guidelines for slaughtering pigeons to ensure they are halal?

Yes, pigeons should be slaughtered properly by cutting the throat and ensuring that the blood is fully drained out, following the Islamic guidelines for halal slaughter.

Is it haram to eat pigeon meat if it is not slaughtered according to Islamic guidelines?

Yes, if the pigeon meat is not slaughtered according to Islamic guidelines, it would be considered haram and prohibited for consumption in Islam.


In summary, there are reasonable points on both sides of the debate about pigeon being halal:

  • Pigeons are primarily plant-eating birds, lending weight to them being halal.
  • However, their diet in the wild may not always be fully plant-based.
  • Most modern Islamic authorities deem pigeon to be permissible to eat.
  • But some traditional scholars still argue pigeons have questionable halal status.

“There are credible stances on both sides of the pigeon halal discussion.”

Implications for Muslims considering consuming pigeon meat

Muslims who wish to consume pigeon meat should:

  • Consult knowledgeable and trustworthy Islamic sources.
  • Understand the arguments for and against its halal status.
  • Make an informed personal decision based on their beliefs.

“Muslims are encouraged to investigate the halal status of questionable foods like pigeon before deciding to eat them.”

Need for further analysis by Islamic scholars

More in-depth research and examination by qualified Islamic experts would help better determine pigeon’s halal status according to sharia principles. Their informed rulings could provide helpful guidance to the global Muslim community.

“Further investigation into Islamic texts regarding pigeons would shed light on this ongoing halal debate.”