MSG, also known as monosodium glutamate, is a flavor enhancer commonly used in processed foods. However, there has been ongoing debate and confusion regarding its halal status. As a consumer who values both the quality and religious compliance of the food I consume, I have often wondered about the halal status of MSG (E621). In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of halal certification and quality assurance, to uncover the truth behind the halal or haram nature of MSG.

Is MSG (E621) Halal or Haram

Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is a common food additive used by the food industry as a flavor enhancer. But is MSG allowed under Islamic dietary restrictions?

MSG adds a savory, umami taste to foods. The safety of MSG is debated, but it is widely used in snacks, fast food, seasoning, and more. So the question arises:

Is MSG halal (permitted) or haram (prohibited) according to Islamic law?

To understand this issue, we need to first look at:

  • What is MSG?
  • Islamic dietary laws and restrictions

What is MSG?

MSG is the sodium salt of the amino acid glutamic acid. Some key facts:

  • MSG was discovered by Japanese scientist Kikunae Ikeda in 1908.
  • MSG was mass produced and commercialized beginning in the 1950s.
  • MSG is used as a flavor enhancer in many processed foods.
  • It enhances the umami taste and makes food taste more savory.

MSG is commonly added to:

  • Chinese food
  • Fast food like burgers and chicken
  • Snacks like chips and savory snacks
  • Seasoning blends
  • Ready-to-eat packaged foods

Concerns about MSG

Some health concerns have been raised about MSG:

  • Headaches
  • Sweating
  • Numbness or weakness
  • Rapid heartbeat

However, health authorities say MSG is generally safe. But the debate continues.

Islamic Dietary Laws

To determine if MSG is halal, we need to examine Islamic dietary restrictions:

  • Pork, alcohol, and improper slaughter methods are prohibited (Haram)
  • Permitted (halal) foods must adhere to Islamic law
  • Scholars disagree over “processed” modern ingredients like MSG

We will explore the evidence and debate around MSG’s halal status next.

Background on MSG

MSG has been used for over 100 years to enhance flavor. Some key facts about its history and use:

MSG was first identified in 1908 by Japanese scientist Kikunae Ikeda while researching glutamate salts from seaweed broth:

Ikeda realized that the glutamate was responsible for the irresistible flavor ofdashi, Japanese broth made from kombu (edible kelp).

MSG was first marketed in 1909 by Ajinomoto (“essence of taste”) and mass produced. Usage spread through Asia.

According to the FDA, MSG was classified as “Generally Recognized as Safe” (GRAS) in 1958 and approved for use in food.

By the 1950s, MSG was common in Chinese restaurants in the US. In 1968, KFC was first fast food chain to use MSG. Usage expanded into snacks, seasoning, and packaged foods.

Today, MSG is found in:

  • Chinese dishes
  • Fast food burgers, fried chicken
  • Flavored snack chips like Doritos
  • Seasoning blends (chili powder, taco seasoning)
  • Canned soups, frozen dinners
  • Commercial bread, crackers

MSG enhances the umami or savory flavor. The safety of MSG is debated, but it remains widely used as a flavor additive.

Islamic Dietary Restrictions

To understand if MSG is permitted under Islamic law, we need to examine the dietary restrictions in Islam:

the main dietary restrictions in Islam are:

  • Pork and pork products – prohibited as haram
  • Alcohol – prohibited as haram
  • Improper slaughter methods – requires ritual slaughter

The Quran states:

He has only forbidden to you dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than Allah. But whoever is forced [by necessity], neither desiring [it] nor transgressing [its limit] – then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

Beyond this, there are some disagreements among Islamic scholars regarding modern or processed ingredients like MSG.

Some key considerations:

  • Natural vs processed – processed foods may be considered questionable
  • Meat sources – cannot be derived from pork or improper slaughter
  • Alcohol – cannot use alcohol in processing
  • Food safety – should not cause intentional harm

Next we will look at the debate around whether MSG is halal.

Perspectives on MSG’s Permissibility

There is some disagreement among Islamic scholars and religious authorities regarding the halal status of MSG:

Arguments for MSG Being Halal

Some argue MSG is permissible for the following reasons:

  • MSG in its pure form is simply glutamic acid which is a natural amino acid found in foods like tomatoes, cheese, etc. According to Muslim Consumer Group:

    MSG by itself is halal.

  • MSG without flavorings or anti-caking agents is halal certified by various organizations.

  • As long as MSG is not derived from pork sources or use alcohol in processing, it can be halal.

Arguments Against MSG Being Halal

Others argue MSG should be avoided because:

  • MSG is often mixed with haram ingredients like pork flavors. 

    Today’s MSG is produced by fermentation of starch, sugar beets, sugar cane or molasses. In the fermentation process, bacteria – including pork derived microbes – may be used to speed up the process.

  • Negative health effects may violate the Islamic principle of avoiding harm.

  • MSG is considered impure by some scholars since its sources are unknown.

Lack of Consensus

Currently, there is no consensus among Muslim religious authorities on the halal status of MSG:

  • Some certify MSG as halal, others prohibit it.
  • Views differ regionally based on local religious rulings.

More dialogue is needed among scholars on this issue.

Is MSG Halal – Frequently Asked Questions

What does “MSG” stand for?

MSG stands for monosodium glutamate. It is a flavor enhancer commonly used in the food industry.

Is MSG halal or haram?

According to Islamic dietary rules, MSG is considered halal. However, it is always recommended to check for halal certification on food products containing MSG.

What is the halal status of MSG?

MSG is generally considered halal for Muslims to consume. It is a sodium salt of glutamic acid, which is a naturally occurring substance. As long as it is derived from halal sources, it is permissible for consumption.

Can MSG be halal certified?

Yes, MSG can be halal certified. Halal certification ensures that the product has been produced according to Islamic dietary guidelines and does not contain any haram substances.

Is Ajinomoto halal certified?

Ajinomoto is a well-known brand that produces MSG. Some of their products are halal certified, while others are not. It is important to check the packaging for halal certification before consuming.

Is MSG made from pork?

No, MSG is not made from pork. It is typically produced through a fermentation process using vegetable sources such as corn or sugar beets.

Is MSG considered halal in Indonesia?

In Indonesia, MSG is generally considered halal. Many food products in Indonesia contain MSG as a flavor enhancer, and it is widely accepted for consumption.

What is the role of halal certification in the production of MSG?

Halal certification ensures that the production process of MSG complies with Islamic guidelines. It guarantees that the ingredients used are halal and that there is no cross-contamination with haram substances during production.

Is MSG known as E621?

Yes, MSG is known as E621 in the food industry. It is a food additive used as a flavor enhancer and is commonly listed on ingredient labels.

Is MSG halal for Muslims to consume?

Yes, MSG is considered halal for Muslims. It is a widely accepted seasoning that adds a savory taste, also known as umami, to food. However, it is recommended to check for halal certification on food products containing MSG to ensure its halal status.


In conclusion, there is an ongoing debate within the Muslim community regarding the halal status of MSG:

  • MSG enhances umami flavor and is widely used in snacks, seasonings, fast food, etc.

  • Islamic diet prohibits pork, alcohol and improper slaughter. But scholars disagree on “modern” food additives.

  • Some approve MSG as halal since glutamate is natural and MSG can be produced without haram ingredients.

  • Others prohibit MSG due to health concerns, unknown sources of production and use in haram foods.

  • Currently there is no consensus among Islamic authorities. Certification practices vary regionally.

While the halal status of MSG remains debated, here are some recommendations for Muslim consumers:

  • Look for halal certification from trusted organizations on packaged foods containing MSG.

  • Avoid MSG added to clearly haram products like pork snacks.

  • Contact food manufacturers to inquire about MSG sources if unknown.

  • Make informed choices about MSG consumption within your personal Islamic dietary standards.

More scholarly dialogue and unity is needed to resolve this issue within the Muslim community worldwide.