As a cheese enthusiast and a firm believer in the importance of adhering to dietary restrictions, I have embarked on a journey to uncover the world of halal cheese. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the various types of halal cheese, explore the certifications that ensure their compliance, and answer frequently asked questions to help you make informed choices and savor the delectable flavors of halal cheese.

The Ultimate Guide to Halal Cheese

Halal is an Arabic word meaning “permissible” or “lawful” under Islamic law. When it comes to food, halal refers to items that adhere to the dietary restrictions and guidelines set forth in the Qur’an. Some key principles include:

  • Pork, alcohol, and certain animal byproducts are strictly prohibited 
  • Animals must be slaughtered according to zabiha, a prescribed ritual method 
  • Questionable ingredients and practices should be avoided 

Cheese and other dairy products play an integral role in cuisines across the world. The global cheese market is projected to reach $144.4 billion by 2027. With its widespread availability and popularity, questions often arise about the halal status of different cheese varieties.

Type of Cheese Halal Status
Made with microbial rennet Halal
Made with animal rennet Debateable

This article will provide an overview of cheese production methods and ingredients, evaluate the halal status of different cheeses, and offer guidance on selecting halal cheese options. The goal is to help Muslim consumers make informed choices in keeping with Qur’anic principles.

“Eat of what is lawful and good on the earth.” (Qur’an, 2:168) 

Background on Cheese Production

Traditionally, cheese was made using rennet derived from the stomach lining of calves, kids, and lambs. This rennet contains enzymes that cause milk to curdle and separate into solids (curds) and liquid (whey).

“Cheese coagulants derived from animals, plants or microorganisms are used to set the milk in cheesemaking” 

However, innovations in biotechnology have enabled new methods of curdling milk without animal byproducts:

  • Microbial rennet – Rennet produced from fermentation of fungi, yeasts, or bacteria 
  • Vegetarian rennet – Plant-based coagulants from sources like fig leaves, thistle, and nettles 
Type of Rennet Source
Animal rennet Calves, kids, lambs
Microbial rennet Fungi, yeasts, bacteria
Vegetarian rennet Fig, thistle, nettles

These innovations allow cheese to be made without the use of animal enzymes or derivatives. However, traditional animal rennet is still widely used in cheesemaking today.

Evaluating Halal Status of Different Cheeses

Cheese made with animal-derived rennet

Cheese made using traditional animal-derived rennet is controversial from a halal perspective. There is debate among Islamic scholars about whether the rennet makes the cheese haram:

  • Some argue that the rennet undergoes transformation during cheesemaking, making it permissible 
  • Others believe the animal source absolutely makes it haram 

Major Islamic organizations and halal certifiers have differing stances:

  • The Halal Food Authority rules animal rennet haram 
  • JAKIM (Malaysia) considers it halal if animal was slaughtered Islamically 

Popular cheeses made with animal rennet include parmesan, romano, asiago, manchego.

Cheese made with microbial or vegetarian rennet

Cheese made using microbial or vegetarian rennet is generally deemed automatically halal, since it avoids animal enzymes altogether. Examples include:

  • Cheddar, mozzarella – microbial rennet 
  • Feta – vegetarian rennet 

Look for “vegetarian-style” or “halal-certified” labels when purchasing such cheese.

Cheese made with questionable ingredients

Some cheese contains questionable enzymes, preservatives, or additives that could impact halal status:

  • Animal lipase – enzymes from pigs, calves 
  • Non-vegetarian colorings (annatto, etc.) 
  • Alcohol-based preservatives 

Always check ingredients carefully and when in doubt, avoid cheeses with ambiguous ingredients.

Tips for Selecting Halal Cheese

When buying cheese, here are some tips to ensure it meets halal guidelines:

  • Look for halal certification – Various organizations provide halal labels after vetting ingredients and processes. This offers assurance that standards are met.

  • Opt for vegetarian or microbial rennet cheese – The safest bet is cheese made without animal-derived enzymes:

    “Microbial rennet is considered halal by all Islamic organizations” 

  • Avoid ambiguous ingredients – Be wary of cheese with animal enzymes, colorings or preservatives:

    “Cheese containing pork or alcohol products are always haram”

  • Consider making your own – DIY cheese allows control over ingredients for halal compliance.

With some diligence in reading labels and selecting products, finding halal cheese options is certainly achievable.

Frequently Asked Questions – Is Cheese Halal?

Is cheese halal?

Cheese is considered halal if it is made from halal-certified ingredients and follows the principles of Islamic law. However, it is important to check the source of the cheese and its production process to ensure its halal status.

What is halal cheese?

Halal cheese refers to cheese that is produced according to Islamic dietary laws. It may involve using halal-certified ingredients, following proper slaughtering methods, and avoiding the use of haram substances.

Can all types of cheese be considered halal?

No, not all types of cheese can be considered halal. Some cheeses may contain animal rennet or other haram ingredients. It is important to look for halal-certified cheese or confirm with the manufacturer to determine its halal status.

What is rennet?

Rennet is a natural complex of enzymes that is traditionally used to coagulate milk during the cheese-making process. It is important to know whether the rennet used in cheese production is derived from halal sources, such as microbial or vegetable rennet, to ensure the cheese is halal.

Are cheddar cheese and other types of cheese made with animal rennet halal?

Cheddar cheese and other types of cheese made with animal rennet are generally not considered halal as animal rennet is usually sourced from non-halal slaughtered animals. It is recommended to opt for cheeses made with microbial or vegetable rennet for halal choices.

Can cheese products that are considered haram be made halal?

In certain cases, cheese products that are considered haram may be made halal by using halal-certified ingredients and production processes that adhere to Islamic dietary laws. Look for products that are specifically certified halal to ensure their halal status.

Can whey, a byproduct of cheese-making, be considered halal?

Whey is produced during the cheese-making process and can be halal if it is derived from halal-certified cheese production. However, it is always recommended to verify the source and production methods of the whey to ensure it is halal.

Is cheese halal for vegetarians?

Not all cheeses are suitable


In summary, the halal status of cheese ultimately depends on the ingredients and method used during manufacturing:

  • Cheese made with animal-derived rennet is highly debated due to the enzyme source. Positions vary across Islamic schools.

  • Cheese made using microbial or plant-based rennet avoids this controversy and is considered halal.

  • Cheese containing questionable additives like pork-based enzymes or alcohol should be avoided.

When selecting cheese, Muslim consumers should look for halal certification from trusted organizations and opt for vegetarian or microbial rennet varieties whenever possible. Homemade cheese using halal ingredients is also an option.

“With the increasing production of halal-certified cheese, Muslim consumers have more variety to meet their dietary obligations”

While certain traditional cheeses may be doubtful, many halal alternatives are available in today’s market. By understanding production methods and ingredients, informed choices can be made.