The relationship between Cyprus and Israel has been a complex and multifaceted one, shaped by historical events, geopolitical tensions, and shifting alliances. This comprehensive article delves into the nuances of the Cyprus-Israel dynamic, examining the extent of their support and cooperation across various domains.

Historical Context

The Cyprus Dispute and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

  • Cyprus Dispute: Long-standing conflict over the island’s political status.
  • Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Major factor influencing relationships in the Eastern Mediterranean region.

Early Relations between Cyprus and Israel

  • 1960s: Formal diplomatic relations established.
  • Initial Caution: Cyprus prioritized Arab states and was wary of Israel’s defense cooperation with Turkey.

Political and Diplomatic Support

Cyprus’ Stance on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

  • Two-State Solution: Cyprus aligns with international resolutions advocating for this.
  • Balanced Approach: Seeks to foster dialogue and cooperation.

Bilateral Agreements and Cooperation

  • Recent Years: Strengthened cooperation in energy, security, and economic development.
  • Bilateral Agreements: Paved the way for closer ties and expanded collaboration.

Economic and Trade Relations

Trade and Investment

  • Growth: Steady increase in trade and investment.
  • Key Sectors: Tourism, real estate, and technology.
  • Potential: Recognized for further strengthening economic ties.

Energy Cooperation

  • Significant Area: Cooperation in the exploration and exploitation of natural gas reserves.
  • Agreements: Signed to delineate respective Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs).
  • Joint Projects: Explored for energy projects.

Security and Defense Cooperation

Military Ties and Defense Agreements

  • Joint Exercises: Military exercises and intelligence sharing.
  • Limitations: Historical ties with Arab states limit the extent of defense cooperation.

Combating Terrorism and Extremism

  • Commitment: Both countries recognize the need for regional cooperation.
  • Collaborations: On intelligence sharing and counterterrorism efforts.

Cultural and People-to-People Ties

Tourism and Cultural Exchanges

  • Driver: Tourism as a significant factor.
  • Initiatives: Promote cultural exchanges and mutual understanding.

Diaspora Communities and Their Influence

  • Role: Diaspora communities shape bilateral relations.
  • Influence: On public opinion and policy decisions.

FAQS: Does Cyprus Support Israel

Yes, Cyprus officially recognizes the State of Israel and has maintained diplomatic relations since the 1960s.

What is the current status of the bilateral relations between Cyprus and Israel?

The bilateral relations between Cyprus and Israel are strong and include cooperation in various fields such as energy, security, and tourism.

Has Cyprus signed any agreements with Israel regarding natural gas exploration in the Eastern Mediterranean?

Yes, Cyprus has signed agreements with Israel for cooperation in exploring and extracting natural gas in the Eastern Mediterranean region.

How do Greece and Cyprus collaborate with Israel in the region?

Greece and Cyprus maintain close ties with Israel on various fronts, including security cooperation, energy projects, and joint military exercises.

Are there any economic relations between Israel and Cyprus?

Yes, Israel and Cyprus have robust economic relations, with trade partnerships, investments, and joint ventures in various sectors.

What is the position of Cyprus regarding the Israel-Lebanon border dispute?

Cyprus supports peaceful resolutions to the Israel-Lebanon border dispute and encourages dialogue between the two countries to reach a mutually acceptable solution.

How does Cyprus view the Israeli-Palestinian conflict?

Cyprus advocates for a peaceful and sustainable solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, based on the principles of international law and mutual respect for the rights of all parties involved.

Is there any cooperation between Israel, Cyprus, and Greece in the energy sector?

Yes, there is ongoing cooperation between Israel, Cyprus, and Greece in the energy sector, particularly in areas such as oil and gas exploration, development of gas fields, and the construction of interconnectors.


The relationship between Cyprus and Israel has evolved over time, shaped by historical events, geopolitical tensions, and shared interests. While their support and cooperation have fluctuated, there is potential for further strengthening their partnership, particularly in areas of mutual interest and shared challenges. As the geopolitical landscape in the Eastern Mediterranean region continues to shift, the dynamics between these two nations will undoubtedly play a crucial role in shaping regional stability and cooperation.


  1. East to West RMS
  2. Times of Israel
  3. FES Library
  4. Group Emerald
  5. Middle East Monitor